One Person Company

Start your business as a One Person Company (OPC) easily with Filecrat. An OPC company only consists of one person who is a director and the sole shareholder.

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₹5999 Onwards
In 15 Working Days

One Person Company Registration

One Person Company promotes the entrepreneurship in an individual. It’s a company run by a single person who is also the shareholder and the director.
One-person company does away with the requirement of minimum two shareholders. It allows a single entrepreneur to get his business registered as a company and get limited liability protection.


  • 1 Shareholder
  • Minimum 1 Director
  • The director and shareholder can be same person
  • Nominee
  • Indian citizen and resident can incorporate OPC
  • Unique name

Advantages & Benefits

  • Tax Benefits: A One Person Company enjoys lower maximum tax rate compared to a sole proprietorship concern.
  • Limited Liability: The directors’ personal property is always safe in a One Person Company, no matter the debts of the business.
  • Annual General Meeting: There is no need for OPCs to hold an annual general meeting or board meeting.
  • Board Meetings: If there is only one director, there is no need to hold board meetings.
  • Cash Flow Statement: It is not mandatory for OPCs to prepare a cash flow statement.
  • Less Compliance: As compared to private and public Limited company, it is less compliance, therefore suitable for small businesses.

OPC vs LLP vs Pvt Ltd – Top 10 Major Differences



Private Limited Company


One Person Company


Limited Liability Partnership



Private Limited Company is a separate legal entity registered under the Companies Act, 2013

One Person Company is a separate legal entity registered under the Companies Act, 2013.

LLP is a separate legal entity registered under the LLP Act, 2008.

Mainly Useful  for

Businesses having high turnover, entrepreneurs who need external sources of funding.

Services oriented businesses that have low investment needs.

Proprietors looking to limit their liability & have 100% control.

Minimum Number  of Members

 2 Members

1 Member

2 Members



In case of Private Limited Company compliance is high as compared to OPC and LLP.

In case of One Person Company compliance is Moderate as compared to PLC and LLP.

In case of Limited Liability Partnership compliance is low as compared to OPC and PLC.


Ownership can be transferred by way of share transfer

Ownership can be transferred.

Ownership can be transferred.

Capital Raising

The capital raising is very easy in case of Private Limited Company

The Capital Raising is difficult in case of One Person Company.

The Capital Raising is moderately easy as well in case of Limited Liability Partnership.

Income Tax Rates

Tax @ 22% + 4% Cess

Subject to satisfying conditions u/s 115BAA(2) of the Income-tax Act 1961

Tax @ 22% + 4% Cess Subject to satisfying conditions u/s 115BAA(2) of the Income-tax Act 1961

Tax @ 30% + 4% Cess

Dividend Distribution Tax

No DDT is levied for dividend declared after 31st March 2020

No DDT is levied for dividend declared after 31st March 2020

DDT is not applicable


Employee Stock Option Plan

ESOP can be issued

ESOP is not applicable

ESOP is not applicable

Cost of Registration

Approx. 7,999/-

Approx. 5,999/-

Approx. 6,499/-


What's included

  • 1 Directors DIN+DSC Class -2
  • Filing of E-forms with the Registrar of Companies (ROC)
  • Company Name Search & Approval
  • MOA + AOA
  • Issue of Incorporation Certificate
  • Company PAN Card
  • Company TAN/TDS Number
  • GST Certificate

Documents Required

  • Copy of PAN Card of Director
  • Passport size photos of Director 
  • Partners identity proof: Driver’s license, Passport or Aadhar card, residence card or election identity card issued by the Government
  • Address Proof: Latest Bank statement/ Utility bill not older than two months
  • Registered Office Proof: Electricity/ Water bill/ Telephone bill/ Latest bank statement as proof of Registered Office (Business Place), Copy of Sale Deed/Property Deed (If owned property)


Who is not eligible to incorporate OPC?

A Minor, Foreign citizen, Indian Nonresident, a person incapacitate to contract are restricted from Forming a One Person Company

How many Directors can we have in One Person Company?

A minimum of one is required while starting a One Person Company, but you can have up to 15 Directors for your OPC.

Can a One Person Company convert into Private Limited Company?

Yes, it can be converted into Private Limited Company, according to the provisions of the Companies Act voluntarily and also if the One Person Company has exceeded the threshold limit. If the paid-up share capital of an OPC exceeds fifty lakh rupees or its average annual turnover of immediately preceding three consecutive financial years exceeds two crore rupees by filing necessary forms.

Is there a time limit to inform the ROC when conversion to Private or Public Limited Company becomes mandatory?

Yes. The ROC has to be informed in Form INC-5 within 60 days of exceeding threshold limit.

How much capital do I invest to start a One Person Company?

One Person Company can be started with any amount of capital.

Who can be a nominee for a One Person Company?

Only a natural person who is an Indian citizen and resident in India shall be eligible to act as a member and nominee of an OPC

Can Foreign Direct Investment have allowed for One Person Company?

No, FDI is not allowed for One Person Company, if it does then it will lose its very nature of One Person Company.

Can I purchase already established OPC from another person?

Yes, you can purchase already establish OPC from another person.

If my OPC makes a loss, still I need to file the Statutory returns with the ROC?

Yes, though there is no business transaction during the year till end of financial year, annual filing must be done on time.

How long is the incorporation of the company valid for?

Once a Company is incorporated, it will be active and in-existence as long as the annual compliances are met with regularly

Is it allowed to change registered office of the company after registration?

Yes, A company can change its registered office any time after following specified procedure. The changed address can be situated within the same state or in a different state from the state in which it was originally registered.

Whether it is mandatory to mention the name of the nominee in MOA?

MOA shall clearly specify the name of that other person, who will become the member of the Company

What is authorized capital fee?

Authorized capital of a Company is the amount of shares a company can issue to its shareholders. Companies have to pay the Government an authorized capital fee to issue shares in a Company.


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